Understanding library pooling for Illumina enrichment kits
Illumina Enrichment kits (DNA and RNA based) help to isolate and enrich specific regions of interest in a genome or transcriptome for sequencing. For example, Illumina DNA Prep with Enrichment (formerly Nextera Flex for Enrichment) with the TruSight Cancer Panel targets 94 genes and 284 SNPs that are associated with various cancers.
This article describes the principles of an enrichment reaction, and the commonly used terminology when describing Illumina enrichment kits.
With enrichment kits, Reaction (abbreviated rxn) refers to the number of enrichment reactions that are provided with the kit. Plexity (abbreviated plex) refers to the number of pre-enriched libraries that are pooled together in an enrichment reaction. For example, an 8-rxn x 12-plex kit has enough reagents to perform eight enrichments. In each enrichment reaction, 12 libraries can be pooled. Therefore, the total number of samples that can be prepared with this kit is 96 samples. The following figure illustrates how three libraries are pooled in one enrichment reaction.
In this illustration, the three pre-enriched libraries are prepared then pooled together at equal amounts (by mass) for hybridization with target-specific enrichment probes (3-plex pooling). These probe-bound fragments are then captured with streptavidin beads. Any unbound fragments are washed away, and the bound fragments, enriched for the sequences of interest, will be eluted off the streptavidin beads and sequenced.
DNA Enrichment kits enzymatic fragmentation of the DNA
- Illumina Exome Panel (for the entire coding transcriptome)
DNA Enrichment kits mechanical fragmentation of the DNA
RNA enrichment-based kits